Matthew introduces us to seven of Jesus’ parables in chapter 13. Six of them deal with the kingdom of heaven specifically, and the seventh is about the message that must be received by faith for entrance into the kingdom. These parables are fairly self-explanatory and for those couple that aren’t, Jesus provided an explanation for his disciples and us. I have one major observation and one point of application that stood out in my mind as I read the chapter.
Parables Have a Purpose (vv. 10-17)
The disciples ask Jesus an important question. “Why do you speak in parables?” His answer is not too surprising. Jesus taught in parables to differentiate between the spiritually alive (responsive) and spiritually dead (unresponsive). The mysteries of how the kingdom would break into this world through the life and person of Jesus and how it would operate until its final consummation at his return were revealed to the disciples, the faithful followers. Those who rejected him, however, would not receive this blessed revelation. Jesus sovereignly used these parables to either soften men’s and women’s hearts so that they would respond in faith to him or to further harden their hearts in unbelief rendering them incapable of accepting his message of grace and truth.
The Treasure of Heaven
There is one parable that stands out to me every time I read it. And, that’s the parable of the hidden treasure (v. 44). It’s a simple one verse parable, but it’s message is profound. The man in the parable finds a treasure. He values the treasure so much that he sells everything he owns in order to buy the property in which the treasure is buried. Jesus says that the kingdom of heaven is like the buried treasure. The story begs me to answer the question, “Do I value the kingdom of heaven more than anything else in my life?”
Jesus’ point is NOT a prohibition against owning property or other things. It is NOT a call to sell everything we own in order to live the life of a pauper. It IS a call value the kingdom of heaven and our membership in it more than anything else in all our lives. The way we do this is by keeping our focus on the king, Jesus. Think about the disciples. They received the blessings of the “secret” revelation because they lived in relationship with Jesus, because they followed him, because they focused on him.
Is he the most precious one in your life? Is he the focal point of your life? How is he calling you to change your life in order to place your full focus on him and his kingdom?
Opposition was a reality for Jesus. People opposed him, and that was particularly the case with the leaders of Judaism, the scribes and Pharisees. Chapters 11 and 12 when taken together reveal the depth and significance of this opposition. It is overt hostility to Jesus and his kingdom, and Matthew expresses it in terms of accusation and defense.
The scribes and the Pharisees are the accusers, and they make some serious accusations. First, they accuse Jesus of violating the Sabbath, a most sacred Law of God (vv. 1-14). Next, they accuse him of being in league with Satan, of joining forces with the dark knight (vv. 22-37). Particularly, they claim that Jesus’ power of casting out demons comes through “Beelzebul, the prince of demons.” And finally, by demanding a cosmic sign to prove the validity of his claims, they accuse Jesus of blasphemy. The punishment for blasphemy was death.
Though he didn’t have to, Jesus chose to defend himself against these accusations. First, he is the Lord of the Sabbath (v. 8). Second, he is the divine servant of justice, the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy (v. 18). Third, he is the “Spirit-empowered inaugurator of the kingdom of God”* (v. 28).
The Main Point
Admittedly, chapter 12 is an extremely difficult passage to interpret and understand fully. But, Matthew’s main point is fairly clear. Here it is:
Jesus is who he said he is. He is the Lord of Glory, the judge of the nations. Though the religious leaders and many others opposed him, his purposes cannot be thwarted. Judgment will come upon the blasphemers — those who reject Christ, but those who follow Jesus are members of his true family.
Application of Amazement
How do I apply this point to my life? Today, I think that there are two main ways.
*ESV Study Bible
All of us have expectations. We have expectations of ourselves, our spouses, our kids, our churches, our friends, careers, our government, and many other things. And, for most of us these expectations are high. In general, that is a good thing. High expectations often motivate us and other people. But, what happens when those high expectations are misguided of just flat wrong? Unfounded disappointment occurs.
Matthew 11 begins with a story about an interaction between John the Baptist’s disciples and Jesus. From prison, John the Baptist sent several of his disciples to ask Jesus a question, “Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another” (11:2)? This question, I believe, tells us something about John. He was disappointed in Jesus. He had spent his life preparing the way for Jesus, and his heart had leapt for joy when he saw Jesus approach the Jordan River for baptism. He had seen the Holy Spirit descend upon Jesus and had heard the voice of God from heaven after he had baptized Jesus. But now, he was in prison, and he wasn’t scheduled for release any time soon. He, along with many others, had prepared themselves for the triumphant arrival of God’s kingdom in Jesus. Prison was not part of the plan. So, he sent word to Jesus saying, “I thought you were the one. What happened? Are you really who I thought you were?”
Jesus told the messengers, “Go and tell John what you hear and see, the blind receive their sight and the lame walk, lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them” (11:6). The proof of Jesus’ messiahship was in the work he was accomplishing. Jesus was fulfilling the prophecy. He was indeed the one for whom the people waited.
John’s problem was that he had misguided expectations. He expected a physical kingdom in which God would bring deliverance for the people of Israel. He expected to be freed from prison. But, he was mistaken. He had misinterpreted the prophets. He had placed misguided and unrealistic expectations on Jesus. And now, he was terribly disappointed.
This same thing happens to us often, doesn’t it? We think that God is supposed to do a certain thing, that he is supposed to act a certain way, that he is to reward a certain type of behavior, that he is supposed to deal with hardships and struggles in our lives by either removing or lessening them. But, most often these expectations aren’t in line with what God has promised to do or congruent with the way in which he has revealed his character. The result of unmet expectations is disappointment with God. But, the issue is not with God. It is with us and our misguided expectations.
The fix to our misguided expectations is the development of biblical expectations of God. God has revealed himself to us. We do this by studying his word and by evaluating our expectations in light of what his word reveals about his character and the way he acts in our lives. Think today about your expectations of God. Are they biblical or are they misguided and unbiblical?
Conflict is a part of life. Its reality. And, this is certainly the case with the Christian life. For those who follow Jesus, conflict is inevitable. Think about it. To say “yes” to Jesus necessarily means to say “no” to something else. Those who have said “yes” to Jesus have entered into his kingdom of light and grace, while those who have refused Jesus’ call to follow him remain in the kingdom of the world — a kingdom that is opposed to the kingdom of God. This is the theme of Matthew 10.
On The Job Experience
In the end of chapter 9, Matthew tells of the need for laborers to bring in the harvest of God’s grace. He begins chapter 10 with the commissioning of these laborers, the twelve apostles. Jesus gave them strict instructions to go only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. As they go, they will face rejection, hardship, and persecution. They will not be welcomed by all. They will suffer for the sake of the kingdom of God — for the sake of Christ, the one for whom they have gone. This journey will be hard. It will be one characterized by division. What a calling!
But, Jesus promises them grace as he sends them out. He instructs them to not be afraid, to not worry about what they will say in times of trouble and trial. They are to trust God’s provision and presence in their lives. They are to go in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ with his authority and act to accomplish his will. And, they are to be encouraged by the reality of the promised reward for those who remain faithful to the calling. They are to fear God, but not man.
This experience taught the disciples a great deal about dependance upon God’s provision and a life lived in reverent fear of Him. There are times in our lives when our fear of man outweighs our reverence of God. God becomes small and men become large. What men and women think and say about us carries more weight in our lives than what God thinks or says about us. Our reputations in the world are more valuable to us than our reputations before God.
The presence of conflict reveals this tendency in our lives. It shows us where we trust ourselves more than we trust God. It shows us where we are more concerned about what others think of us than what God thinks of us. It shows us where our standing in our community matters more to us than our standing with God. It shows us where we are or are not dependent upon God.
Three Action Items
1. Praise God for the conflicts and challenges of our lives today. Praise him for the brokenness. Praise him for revealing our weaknesses to us.
2. Repent from our sin of making much of men and little of God and turn to Jesus in reliance upon him in the midst of our challenges, hardships, sufferings, and persecutions.
3. Be about the Lord’s business. Go forth proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom of God in word and deed. Pray with someone today. Encourage someone with the truth of God’s word today.
I’m really starting to like this project. Reading through Matthew and processing the Scripture has challenged and encouraged my soul. I have noticed that I am developing a thirst for God’s word and the application of it in my life.
Accessibility and Assistance
When I read Matthew 9 today, two thoughts came to mind — accessibility to God’s kingdom and people introducing others to Jesus. Every one of the seven little stories of Jesus’ interaction with people that the chapter contains has to do with the accessibility of God’s kingdom through Christ. Jesus is accessible to the paralytic. Jesus is accessible to the tax collector. Jesus is accessible to John’s disciples. Jesus is accessible to the man with the ill daughter. You get the point. Jesus makes God’s kingdom accessible to men and women, to you and me. Because Jesus came, we are able to access God through him.
Also, I noted that many received healing and restoration from Jesus because someone brought and introduced them to him. Some people brought a paralytic to Jesus, and Jesus healed him. A father brought Jesus to his daughter, and Jesus healed her. Others positioned blind men by the path Jesus traveled on, and Jesus healed the blind men. Still others, brought a mute demon-oppressed boy to Jesus, and Jesus cast out the demons. People brought the ones they loved, those who were in need, those whom Jesus saw were “harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd” to Jesus. Jesus is the one that people need. He is the only Savior of the world. He is the king of glory. People must be introduced to him, and we are the ones who are to make the introduction possible.
Encouragement and Challenge
I take an encouragement from chapter 9 for my life today. God’s kingdom is accessible to me because God made it accessible through Jesus. I can dome into God’s kingdom through faith at any time because of his grace in Christ Jesus. I am also challenged by the example of those who brought others to Jesus. It is my goal today to find at least one person in my life to introduce to Jesus in some way or another. May God grant me the grace to do it.
Matthew makes it abundantly clear that Jesus brought about God’s kingdom — God’s active rule and reign. Jesus is the king. He is the one who is more than worthy of praise and glory. In chapter 8, Matthew begins to illustrate the activity of God’s kingdom on earth.
A Kingdom of Restoration
God’s kingdom is a kingdom of restoration. The prophets of the Old Testament told of this restorative quality often. And, here Matthew illustrates it in four stories. The first two are stories of miraculous healing. Broken bodies are restored to wholeness. The third story is about Jesus calming a storm. Broken nature is restored by the powerful word of God in Christ. And, the final story is one in which Jesus casts out demons from two men at the Gadarenes. Broken humanity is restored by the grace of God in Christ.
A Kingdom of Faith
In each of the stories, faith in Jesus is front and center. The leper receives healing by God’s grace in Christ through his faith in the Lord’s ability to heal him. Similarly, the Centurion’s servant is healed by God’s grace through the faith of the Centurion who believed that Jesus’ word was powerful enough to heal. Also, Peter’s mother-in-law and others were healed through faith.
Jesus rebuked the disciples for their lack of faith after he had calmed the storm. This is interesting. The disciples, who were learning what it meant to follow Christ, found themselves in a boat during a massive storm. Jesus was sound asleep. The disciples panicked, but Jesus remained calm. Jesus trusted his Father in Heaven to care for him, while the disciples failed to trust in Jesus. Their panic resulted from their fear and lack of faith in Jesus. Some in chapter 8 receive the blessings and praise of the kingdom through faith and others received chastisement for their lack of faith.
I take two things from this passage for my life today. They are:
These truths have a tremendous impact on my daily life. I can actively apply them by identifying one issue in my life today in which I struggle to submit to Christ’s reign and then bring it into submission. For instance, if I have a health issue that I is of grave concern, then I can pray that God would give me a clear sense of his size and restorative work in that area of my health. I can also trust that he will be faithful to do all that he has promised to do.
May God grant us the grace to explore our lives and find out where we fail to see him as a big, powerful God and to repent from our failure to trust him with our lives. May he grant us the grace to faithfully pursue him in his grace.
What does it mean to be a disciple? Jesus tells us in his most famous sermon. Matthew recorded this sermon beginning with the beatitudes and then moving into a systematic discussion of the right application of God’s law in Christ’s kingdom.
Salt and Light
Jesus’ disciples are to be salt to the earth and the light of the world. Salt brings flavor and preserves. Light brings clarity and exposure. As Christ’s followers, we are called to both season/preserve the world in which we live and to clarify truth and expose darkness/sin.
Think how you can be a seasoning and preserving agent to the world in which you live today. Think about how you can be effectively used by God to clarify his truth and expose darkness today.
This is challenging for two reasons. First, we are all aware of our own sinfulness and brokenness. We know our personal need for preservation and seasoning. We know our need for the truth to be clarified in our lives and the places where we hide in the darkness. Second, we must be a seasoning, preserving, clarifying, and exposing agent to the world in love. We don’t want to be harsh and overly judgmental in our work for Christ.
So, Jesus teaches us beginning in chapter five the importance of bringing our lives into submission to him, the importance of living a righteous life. If we are concerned with the sin in our lives, we need to deal with it. We need live in a manner worthy of Christ’s kingdom. If we are concerned with the way in which we approach others, we need to ensure that we do it in love – a love that isn’t satisfied with making people feel good, but is concerned with leading them to righteousness in Christ.
Questions of Application